Treatment for Prostate Cancer in the UK

With around 37,000 men in the UK diagnosed with prostate cancer each year, it is the most commonly occurring male cancer. For some, the cancer may be slow-growing and particularly for the elderly, not life-threatening. Nonetheless for others, it may only be picked up at a stage when curative treatment is not possible. Around 10,000 men die from the disease each year.

For those diagnosed with early stage prostate cancer, there are more treatment options than any other type of cancer. Indeed, many find the range of choice bewildering and difficult. Unlike, for example, breast cancer, where treatment is to a large extent mapped out according to clinical need, with prostate cancer, there is a much greater degree of personal choice.

About one third of patients opt for surgical treatment for prostate cancer, called a prostatectomy. This involves removing the prostate and may be carried out as open, laparoscopic (keyhole) or robot-assisted surgery. Men who choose this option normally do so because they want the cancerous prostate to be removed and surgery provides a high degree of assurance. Levels of PSA (prostate specific antigen) are measured after surgery and if at three months, PSA levels are 0.01ng, the operation is considered to have been curative. If there are any signs of residual cancer cells, having surgery leaves open the option of then having radiotherapy, although the same is not true vice versa.

Traditionally, the main disadvantage to a prostatectomy is the widely occurring complications of erectile dysfunction and incontinence. Nerve bundles which control erections and continence lie very close to the prostate and the standard prostatectomy involves using wide margins and causes irreparable damage to these nerves. Ten to twenty years ago, almost all men undergoing a prostatectomy would have been left with long term impotence.

Specialist prostate surgeons have developed a procedure called the nerve-sparing prostatectomy. It requires a high level of skill to ensure all cancer cells are safely cleared while also carefully dissecting the nerve bundles and minimising damage. If this is an option which you are interested in, you should ask your surgeon how many procedures he or she has carried out and request the results of these procedures, so you can understand exactly what to expect.
Another large group of patients opt for different forms of radiotherapy. There are three different approaches €” external beam radiation delivered by a machine called a linear accelerator (LINAC), conformal radiotherapy, sometimes referred to as Intensity Modulated Radiotherapy IMRT and brachytherapy, when radioactive seeds are inserted directly into the prostate.

Radiotherapy is generally used for localised prostate cancer, the term used when the cancer cells are confined to the prostate. It may also be used for what is called locally advanced prostate cancer, when cancer cells have started to breach the boundary of the prostate but have not yet spread into the lymph nodes. Radiotherapy is also used in palliative care for men whose prostate cancer has spread to the bones (metastatic cancer). Sadly for this group, curative treatment is no longer possible but radiotherapy can help improve survival time and pain control. There are side-effects with radiotherapy, ranging from short term symptoms during treatment of irritation and longer term problems such as incontinence and erectile dysfunction. The new technology has much reduced the overall risk of long term complications however.

There are two other types of treatments which are both offered in established NHS services but are not yet as established as the other approaches in terms of their overall effectiveness and long term results. HIFU uses a beam of high intensity sound waves (a form of ultrasound) to destroy the cancer cells in the prostate. Cryotherapy applies the same principle of destroying cancer cells with the opposite extreme, using cold and freezing cancer cells, rather than heating them up. The advantages to both types of treatment for prostate cancer are fairly minimal side-effects but there is still debate over their overall effectiveness and there is a lack of large scale long term results.

Finally, many men opt for what is referred to as €watchful waiting’ or €active monitoring’. This may be appropriate if the cancer is confined within the prostate and judged to be slow-growing. Your urologist will carry out tests called staging and grading in order to make this judgement. If you choose this option, you will need to have your PSA test repeated at regular interviews to keep a close eye on how the cancer is behaving over time. This may be combined with a new test called the PCA3 and MRI prostate mapping. There may be the need to have a prostate biopsy. For many men, active surveillance can be a very good option, particularly if they are elderly and it is likely that a slow-growing prostate cancer will not develop during their lifetime sufficiently to spread and cause any significant problems for overall well being.

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Detailed Information On Prostate Cancer Symptoms At Prostate Cancer Insight

Prostate Cancer Insight is an online resource offering detailed information about Prostate Cancer Symptoms and any other aspect of prostate cancer. The website has been built for anyone looking for answers to their questions related to prostate cancer; the diagnosed patient but also friends and family and anyone affected directly or indirectly by this terrible condition that is affecting more and more men. Prostate Cancer Insight provides all its information in common language – medical lingo can be puzzling and confusing for many individuals, and that is why Prostate Cancer Insight prides itself in providing information that is accessible to all.

As with any cancer, being aware of what are Prostate Cancer Symptoms is utterly important in order to avoid complications and stop the illness before it spreads out or complicate itself. Many individuals are still not informed on what are the first Prostate Cancer Symptoms and won’t notice any changes until it is too late and the cancer is at a more advanced state. For that very reason, Prostate Cancer Insight informs its readers about the most common common signs of prostate cancer at its early stage. Trouble urinating, blood in the urine, painful urination, painful ejaculation and an urge to urinate more frequently are all signs that can be easily noticeable by most men and that should give out an alert of prostate cancer. Prostate Cancer Insight also gives out a detailed list of other Prostate Cancer Symptoms that might occur at a more advanced stage, such as swelling or weakness in the legs, pain in the pelvis, compression of the spine, urinary or fecal incontinence and bone pain in the spine or ribs, for example. It is important to understand that most early stages of prostate cancer do not manifest many signs or symptoms, which makes it hard to diagnose the illness properly quickly.

Just like with any type of cancer, every prostate cancer case is different and men will experience the illness differently than others. Prostate Cancer Insight provides not only important information about Prostate Cancer Insight but also features a Q&A section for readers to ask professionals about their concerns and interrogations. The people working behind Prostate Cancer Insight are all successful professionals in the medical field and have had many prostate cancer cases – they are completely qualified and know how to answer any questions you might have concerning prostate cancer, whether it is for you as a patient or for you as a part of a patient’s entourage.

Prostate Cancer Insight is a supportive resource for anyone having to cope with prostate cancer. It will give out insightful information about prevention, symptoms, treatment, related research and hints to find support groups for yourself and your family and friends. Prostate Cancer Insight is aware that dealing with prostate cancer can be devastating and that you need to arm yourself with all the information and support possible to go through this journey.

For more information on Prostate Cancer Symptoms or to learn more about treatment and prevention, please visit prostatecancerinsight.

Prostate Cancer Information At Prostate Cancer Insight Gives You Clear Answers

Prostate cancer information is essential for disease sufferers and their families. Prostate Cancer Insight (PCI) gives you the tools you need to understand the ailment and its effects. By learning as much as possible about cancer, you’re given the knowledge necessary for preventing or recovering from it.

We began our website in order to help prostate cancer sufferers and their loved ones through an extremely difficult time. Prostate Cancer Insight sticks to a simple goal: providing clear and concise prostate cancer information to visitors. Our hope is that, by creating a resource where anyone can learn more about the disease, we’ll be able to help prevent advanced cases and help suffers to make it through a tough time through answers to their questions. Prostate Cancer Insight also seeks to create a home for those that wish to discuss their own personal stories and welcomes the submission of personal experiences that could help others in their fight against prostate cancer.

Prostate Cancer Insight provides you with a wealth of information on prostate cancer prevention, facts and symptoms. We know that recovery is possible when prostate cancer is detected in its preliminary stages. As the disease advances it becomes more and more difficult to effectively treat patients and help them go into remission. Prostate Cancer Insight provides details that let you properly monitor yourself for early warning signs and symptoms. By seeking treatment at an early juncture, you can improve your chances of recovery and better understand the nature of the disease.

Our website is also filled with details regarding treatment and recovery prostate cancer information. For those that are considering different treatment methods, it’s important to be able to know the facts about the various procedures currently available. Prostate Cancer Insight has outlined the information you need to know about radiation therapy options, hormonal therapy, cryosurgery, surveillance and more. We also give you essential guides to recovery that tell you exactly what to expect throughout the time that follows successful treatments.

Prostate Cancer Insight is informed by Dr. Jerry Lang, a medical professional who has worked hard to give website visitors the prostate cancer information they need in order to confront the disease. Lang and Prostate Cancer Insight have worked hard to make our website the premier resource for prostate cancer information but we are also committed to answering the personal questions that our visitors may have. Prostate Cancer Insight provides you with an anonymous question and answer form that easily allows you to send your own question to Dr. Lang and receive a prompt response.

No one needs to go through such a difficult time alone. Come to Prostate Cancer Insight for access to a comprehensive range of prostate cancer information that gives you the assistance you need to understand the disease. Together we can work toward gaining knowledge of prostate cancer that arms you with the tools necessary for prevention and recovery.

For more information on Prostate Cancer Insight or to access prostate cancer information now, visit